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کتاب معماری زبان فضا - THE LANGUAGE OF SPACE کتاب معماری زبان فضا - THE LANGUAGE OF SPACE

کتاب معماری زبان فضا - THE LANGUAGE OF SPACE

Bryan Lawson

Contents
Acknowledgements

1 Space as language
Why a language?
The art of architecture
The social art
The language of space
Reading the language
Behavioural settings
How this book works
2 Space and the human dimension
The human basis of the language
The human psyche
Motivation and need
Spatial needs
Stimulation
Security
Behavioural settings
The security of the passage of time
Identity
The balance of needs
3 Mechanisms of perceiving space
Sensation and perception
Size and distance
Scale
Scale of movement
Scale and the social order
Foreground and background

Verticality
Symmetry
Colour
Number
Meaning
Context
4 Ways of perceiving space
The classical rulebook
Perception as an active process
Order, pattern and redundancy
The good and bad side of being redundant!
The expression of romanticism
How buildings can signify
Internal and external meaning
Back to architecture!
The language of modem architecture
5 Space and distance
Abstract and meaningful distance
Too close for comfort!
Flight and fight
‘I need my space’
‘Keep in touch’
Human distances
Intimate distance
Personal distance
Social distance
Public distance
Multiple distances in a space
Personality and context variation
Cultural variation
6 Proxemics
Non-verbal communication
Spatially defined roles
Spatial roles
Sociofugal and sociopetal space
Non-reciprocal relationships
Waiting spaces
Furniture

‘Front of house’, ‘back of house’
Variations
Movable and fixed furniture
7 The territory
Are we really territorial?
The nature and purpose of territory
The national territory
The borders and the heartland
The city territory
The family territory
Trouble with the neighbours!
Defending the territory and beyond
The territory invaded
The collapse of the territory
The territory as social reinforcement
8 Space and time
Predictions
Design strategies for uncertainty
The span of time in space
Identifying levels of uncertainty
‘Designer’ knowledge versus ‘ordinary’ knowledge
One-way prediction
Confidence of prediction and rates of change
Purposeful and non-purposeful behaviour (apparently!)
Learning hom children
Individuals, groups and crowds
Movement
The tyranny of functionalist space
Invitational space
Patterns of settings
9 Recording space
Measuring place
Semantic differentials
Problems with the semantic differential
But what does it mean?
Attention and focus
Measuring geometry
Divide and conquer

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